Mountain biking is usually a sport noted for being one of the variants of road cycling, but that is practiced on tracks of rocks, earth and other different soils. It has a popularity that only grows as few sports have ever achieved and is currently practiced worldwide, from professionals such as Cross Country, or only for more recreational purposes and for discovery as in cycling.
The History Of Mountain Bike
This type of cycling appeared around the 50s / 60s, when a group of cycling friends began to walk on trails and descents of mountains of California. We are not talking here that no one had ever ridden their bike off the road before, but only at this time began to get a little more impact, also showing some of the first changes in the bicycles to practice this modality.
The people who stood out most in this mode considered as the “parents” of Mountain Bike are Gary Fisher and Tom Ritchey, and they were the first to start making bikes for Mountain Bike. In principle, they started using Cruizer frames (most seen in Schwinn) and with a certain upgrade in the brakes, also using the thicker tires. Nowadays both have their own brands of this type of bicycles for Mountain Bike, with which they have become references in this environment.
The Main Differences Between Road Cycling And Mountain Bike
The big difference that several perceive is the type of the ground, in the road cycling, all the route is realized in the road, being generally great part of it in the asphalt, and in the Mountain Bike, also it could be that they walk in roads or even in the asphalt but It will always be very little. Here at embudoexpress.com you can get mored different models and styles.
The paths of land, descents, mud, branches, rises, stones, … are the things that mark this modality, another difference is the more intense protection. As in Mountain Bike, several of the steps are to descend or even climb the dirt tracks with many obstacles, more protection is needed to prevent injuries and injuries in case of possible falls, and is much more likely than in road cycling.
Bicycles also have a big difference in relation to the road (the Mountain Bike has more variants) they have their structures much more reinforced, a good rear suspension or else complete to improve their driving, stronger brakes, among several others stuff…
The Mountain Bike Modes
There are a great number of modalities in this sport, and several of them are already regulated and with organized tests for them. Let us then check out some of the most common and also popular modalities:
Cross Country: This modality is the oldest of the Mountain Bike, and it was she who gave rise to the whole formation of this modality. As we have already said, your rules change greatly from test to test, and in the Olympics it has its own rules.
Most of the time it is done in a closed way, where the cyclists all leave at the same time and the route is formed by descents, ascents, parts that require more techniques and etc. With that, he tests the athlete and at the same time shows how complete he is, and wins the one that gets to arrive first the arrival.
Downhill: As its name already says, its main feature is to be carried down hills with several jumps, some closed turns and various types of obstacles. The cyclists leave individually and will only win what they can complete the route in the shortest time. This mode is very dangerous because of the great speed in the descent and so everything also uses much more protection like the Full-Face helmet, knee pads and even a kind of reinforced vest to protect the chest.
It is not much practiced like the other modalities above even being very popular especially due to its high cost to be able to participate, this for the Downhill bikes are extremely expensive and soon it is necessary many elements for protection also.
Trip Trial: This mix is a bit of leisure mixed with competition, so I have to say that there are not only Trip Trial professionals, that’s why it is practiced by cyclists of all modalities of the Mountain Bike and even the amateurs.
It is characterized by having a long journey, and can even last for days, and makes a connection from point A to point B, these events are usually more for celebrations making a connection from one city to another, it is somewhat similar to cycling Of road where people can look at the roadside or else the trail.
Freeride: That’s kind of a more recreational version of Downhill. Not only to descend as it happens in the Downhill but also has several obstacles and jumps that generate much adrenaline and a great spectacle. The bikes to make the Freeride are a little different from those used for the Downhill. The Freeride can be performed in the middle of a city, by the parks, on the stairs and sometimes on temporarily mounted jumps, which has the name of Urban Assault.
4X 4X : It is very similar to the BMX, being also realized with a start of 4 points, and has as its main objective to arrive in front of its opponents the arrival. The route has well inclined corners as its main feature.
Trial: It is not very popular but maybe you have already seen it happen on television, the Trial is based on a certain route without being able to touch with your feet on the ground, always being penalized when doing this, going through various obstacles such as trestles, Rocks, bricks, walls or even cars.
The bikes to make this modality are very specific with some characteristics that is to have well reinforced and small frames, the tires more reinforced and without camera, everything so that it can better withstand all the impacts and get more grip. This is a very technical variant and one that needs to have a good expertise so that it can be performed.
Uphill: Well, this is basically the version considered the opposite of Downhill, having to go through climbs on several tracks and needs to be done in the shortest possible time. For this modality the rider must have an enormous physical capacity and also resistance, using very light materials so that it can be easier on the way up.
Regularity Enduro: This is the most interesting of the modalities because unlike most racing sports where you need to arrive first on arrival or else complete the journey in the shortest time you can, in it the tests already have a time for Are completed which is defined by the organization, taking into account the estimated time that is taken to complete the various sections of the route.
For any second that there is a delay, the cyclist is always penalized with -1 point, and at the same time for every second more he is penalized with -3 points. This modality suggests a regularity and not that athlete to go at full speed to the finish line, having in this a good control of all his performance and an excellent notion of time.
BMX: The last of the competitive modalities of the Mountain Bike is the BMX. As already said, nowadays it is even an Olympic modality, in which it is very popular and draws attention to all kinds of people, since it is usually performed in a predetermined course (on a track) with several Jumps and curves that make the public enjoy and enjoy the sport more.
Just some advice that some of these equipment can change between the modalities of the Mountain Bike, we will then see some of the equipment for protection that are more common:
The Helmet: Well, this is a fundamental equipment for our protection and must always be used. There are now two types of helmets. The simplest one that protects only the top of our head and Full Face, which is the same as that used in motocross that protects the chin as well, it is used in more dangerous modalities like BMX or Downhill;
The Sneakers: They must be appropriate to be able to practice the Mountain Bike and fit very well in the pedals so that it can never happen to slip and thus cause a more serious accident.
Protective Eyewear: Since this is a sport usually practiced on dirt tracks, it is advisable to wear goggles so that there is no dirt or some kind of stone in your eyes.
The Elbows And Knee Pads: We all already know what they are for and they are only optional but its use is advised mainly in the modalities in which they are made with several descents, curves and jumps more tight, and with a greater chance of falls.
The Cycle Tour
t is not exactly a modality but a good way of life. Cycling is based on cycling through trails and roads in order to explore and discover new places. There are people who have even adhered to this good lifestyle and cross countries by bicycle to meet new places, cultures and people, also divulging this way of getting around and living.
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